Different Types of Defects in Garments
Facts about the industry's garment defects
on October 31st, 2015, by Noor Ahmed Raaz, text and photo via Textilmerchandising
A "defect" is a common term in the garment industry. Different types of defects are found in the garment industry. These defects are dependent upon the classification of defects and an inspector’s ability to make decisions. Creating a list of every defect that might be encountered during a quality inspection is not realistic. Having said that, the tables which follow do provide details of the majority of defects. According to the garments workmanship and appearance garments defects are divided in the three ways-
1. Critical defects
2. Major defects
3. Minor defects
1. Critical Defects
A critical defect is one that is likely to result in hazardous or unsafe conditions when using the product. A critical defect is also a deviation from delivery requirements which prevents the product from being received. If one (1) occurrence of critical defect is observed during the inspection, the entire lot will be rejected. A 100% inspection will be carried-out by the garments factory QA Staff to remove the defective product/s.
2. Major Defects
A major defect is one that is likely to result in a customer complaint or return. A major defect is also one that will most likely result in product failure after a period of time that is considered unacceptable to the customer or end user. A major defect will usually (but not always) be obvious to the inspector during the visual garments inspection. It will also be obvious to the customer during use.
3. Minor Defects
A minor defect is one that is unlikely to result in customer complaint or return. A minor defect is a deviation from the required standard, but one that is unlikely to affect the usability of the product. A minor defect will usually be seen by the inspector, but may be overlooked by the customer.
Garments Defect Table
Defining whether the defect is Critical, Major or Minor might require some degree of personal judgment. Some defects might be obvious – others less so. It is essential that the quality control inspectors are familiar with all of the defect types contained in these defect tables. It is also important that these inspectors have sufficient experience and knowledge to ensure the right decision is made. The tables are designed to be used for reference only – they are not a fully comprehensive list of faults and must not be considered inclusive or exhaustive.
|SL||Garments Workmanship and Appearance||Critical||Major||Minor|
|1.||Brand name differs from PO/sample||X||–||–|
|2.||Broken / Skip stitch||–||X||–|
|3.||Open seam or hem||–||X||–|
|5.||Collar Fullness or tightness of fabric (Bubbling)||–||X||–|
|6.||Unintentional pleats form along the seam||–||–||X|
|7.||Missing / wrong accessories||–||X||–|
|9.||Incorrect interlining weight in relation to the fabric||–||–||X|
|10.||Sharp ends, Bent Buttons / snaps post||X||–||–|
|11.||Button too big for the buttonhole||–||X||–|
|12.||Buttonhole too big for the button||–||X||–|
|13.||Zipper puller self-lock not secure||–||X||–|
|14.||Zipper slider does not glide through the zipper teeth smoothly||–||X||–|
|15.||Zipper stitching margin too small that may cause slider to jam||–||X||–|
|16.||Snapping action too tight to close||–||X||–|
|17.||Snapping action too loose to close adequately||–||X||–|
|18.||Belt loop Missing/Incomplete||–||X||–|
|19.||Color shade variation within a box||–||X||–|
|20.||Missing collar bone||–||X||–|
|21.||Broken hanger resulting to sharp end/edge||X||–||–|
|22.||Poorly attached hanger hook||–||X||–|
|23.||Poly bag / inner box damage / wrinkled||–||–||X|
|24.||Brand name differs from PO/sample||X||–||–|
|25.||Poly bag / inner box too loose or too tight||–||X||–|
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